Study Guide. By Aldous Huxley. Previous Next. Chapter 2 The Director and his students leave Mr. Foster behind apparently the Alpha-Plus intellectuals weren't that interesting, because we don't hear about them. They head to a room labeled "Infant Nurseries. Neo-Pavlovian Conditioning Rooms. Then they set out dozens of colored, playful picture books. Then they bring out the little babies—all Deltas, and so all dressed in khaki—to let them play with the flowers and books.
Then they… electrocute the babies. Not surprisingly, the babies have no further interest in the flowers or the books or, in all likelihood, bright colors of any kind. One curious student wants to know why. The Director explains: they used to condition the lower castes to like flowers and other outdoorsy things.
That way, they would consume lots of transportation services in getting themselves out to the country. The problem was, while they consumed transport, they didn't really consume anything else. Nature can be appreciated without boosting the economy. The solution? They conditioned them all to hate the country, but to love country sports, particularly country sports that required a complicated apparatus that had to be purchased.
The curious student is satisfied. And it's time for a story. Long, long ago, the Director explains, when "Our Ford" was still around, there was a boy named Reuben Rabinovitch. This story forces the Director to explain to the students what "parents" are, which is apparently a vulgar word, as are "Mom" and "Dad. The next morning, they asked him what the longest river in the world was, and he didn't know.
He could repeat word-for-word the lecture he had heard, but to him it was just empty words; he didn't actually comprehend anything.
The Director explains the problem: they were trying to teach Reuben intellectual things. What they should have done is indoctrinate him with lessons in morality because they aren't rational while he slept.
Of course, that's why they do now: it's called "Hypnopaedia.The whole of a small factory staffed with the products of a single bokanovskified egg. This passage boils down the underlying conceit of the novel: what sets this dystopian world apart from the real world and apart from other dystopian novels is this method of mass-producing uniform human beings, made for specific jobs.
Throughout this chapter, Huxley elaborates on this idea, but if the World State of this novel were to have a concise thesis statement, this might be it. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their un-escapable social destiny. Here, Huxley expands the thesis of the World State to include the conditioning of the mass-produced humans the chapter details.
What is noteworthy in this idea is that it does not seem inherently evil or wrong-headed. The goal of the society seems to be to make people happy. The mind that judges and desires and decides—made up of these suggestions. But all these suggestions are our suggestions! It is through this overwhelming control that the stability the society values over all else is able to be achieved.
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Essay Topics. Brave New World Important Quotes 1. Unlock this Study Guide! Join SuperSummary to gain instant access to all 27 pages of this Study Guide and thousands of other learning resources. Get Started.For your reference, we provided these Brave New World quotes with page numbers using the following version of the book: Brave New WorldInfobase Publishing, pages. For particulars, as every one knows, make for virtue and happiness; generalities are intellectually necessary evils.
Not philosophers but fretsawyers and stamp collectors compose the backbone of society. Summary And Analysis, Page And feeling strongly and strongly, what was more, in solitude, in hopelessly individual isolationhow could they be stable?
Making plants grow. More on my own, not so completely a part of something else. Not just a cell in the social body. Unorthodoxy threatens more than the life of a mere individual; it strikes at Society itself.
The greater a man's talents, the greater his power to lead astray. It is better that one should suffer than that many should be corrupted.
I want sin. But I don't want comfort. Brave New World Quotes. Summary And Analysis Quotes 1 For particulars, as every one knows, make for virtue and happiness; generalities are intellectually necessary evils.Brave New World.
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Brave New World Drugs and Alcohol
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Themes All Themes. Symbols All Symbols. Theme Wheel. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Brave New Worldwhich you can use to track the themes throughout the work. In the nurseries, the group finds nurses setting out big bowls filled with roses.Brave New World Chapter 01
Soon a group of eight-month-old Delta babies is wheeled into the nursery. Once the babies have happily crawled toward the bright objects, a lever is pressed, and explosions and shrill alarms go off.All conditioning aims at that: making people like their unescapable social destiny. And not the child's mind only. The adult's mind too—all his life long. The mind that judges and desires and decides—made up of these suggestions. But all these suggestions are our suggestions Suggestions from the State.
It is better that one should suffer than that many should be corrupted. Consider the matter dispassionately, Mr. Foster, and you will see that no offence is so heinous as unorthodoxy of behavior.
Murder kills only the individual—and, after all, what is an individual? Brave New World. Plot Summary. All Symbols Ford Shakespeare. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts.
The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play. Sign Up. Already have an account? Sign in. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Sign In Sign Up. Literature Poetry Lit Terms Shakescleare. Download this LitChart! Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning?
Brave New World
Themes All Themes.The D. This experience, notes the D. According to the D. To illustrate his point, he explains how a dislike of nature can be transformed into a love of country sports — and that involves the consumption of a nearly endless variety of manufactured consumer goods.
In this chapter, Huxley continues his presentation of dystopian social stability with a close look at the theory and practice of early conditioning. In the explanation of hypnopaedia and infantile conditioning, Huxley makes clear that the elimination of choice increases economic and social stability but diminishes the potential for human growth.
The price of stability emerges most memorably in the scene in which Delta children — predestined for rote factory work — receive their conditioning to dislike the books and flowers.
Brave New World Quotes
The image of happy babies crawling toward colorful books and beautiful blooms is filled with conventional sentimentality, but Huxley's reversal with the alarms and electric shock sharpens the reader's response. The reality of the conditioning represents its own legitimate argument against the theory of social, political, and economic stability.
Note again Huxley's use of natural imagery as the complement to technology, when the sun beams warmly on the flowers, almost as if offering aid in the conditioning. Less violent, but nonetheless powerful, hypnopaedia emerges as the source of underlying assumptions and prejudices in the dystopia.
The lesson in class consciousness gives each child a social identity but cuts off the possibility of forming friendships outside of caste or even forming opinions of one's own. Throughout the novel, characters spout the sentiments of their hynopaedic training almost unconsciously and behave according to the precepts of the sleep-teaching. Even those — like Bernard Marx — who are conscious of the techniques of hypnopaedia cannot fully escape its power.
Again, the dystopian practice supports social stability but destroys personal identity and independence. The power of words — and responses to particular words — form an important theme in Brave New World. Hypnopaedia, Huxley makes clear, uses words at the vulnerable time during sleep to produce unquestioning loyalty or aversion in people. The World State, in effect, whispers into the ear of each of its sleeping young citizens to ensure compliance with the social order. Banned words — especially "mother" — produce a strong response of revulsion and shame, the effect of the carefully taught aversion to human reproduction.
Huxley draws the reader's attention to this fact in a comic turn that forms a memorable part of the students' discussion with the D. Shocked by the D.
Note the change in symbols from the pre-Fordian world. The practiced piety recalls an earlier age, but the meaning of the gesture has changed.
The World State has appropriated the Christian symbol and turned it into the Fordian T — significantly by cutting off the top of the cross. Even the symbols of the dystopia make clear the diminishing possibilities for humanity.Quote 2: "The operation undergone voluntarily for the good of Society, not to mention the fact that it carries a bonus amounting to six months' salary," The Director, Chapter 1, pg. Quote 3: "And that," put in the Director sententiously, "that is the secret of happiness and virtue-liking what you've got to do.
All conditioning aims at that: making people like their inescapable social destiny. Quote 4: "What man has joined, nature is powerless to put asunder. Quote 5: "These," he said gravely, "are unpleasant facts; I know it.
Brave New World Quotes
But then most historical facts are unpleasant. Quote 6: "Alpha children wear grey. They work much harder than we do, because they're so frightfully clever. I'm awfully glad I'm a Beta, because I don't work so hard. And then we are much better than the Gammas and Deltas. Gammas are stupid. They all wear green, and Delta children wear khaki.
Oh no, I don't want to play with Delta children. And Epsilons are still worse. They're too stupid to be able to read or write.
Besides they wear black, which is such a beastly colour. I'm so glad I'm a Beta. Quote 7: "Till at last the child's mind is these suggestions, and the sum of the suggestions is the child's mind.
And not the child's mind only. The adult's mind too-all his life long. The mind that judges and desire and decides-made up of these suggestions. But all these suggestions are our suggestions Suggestions from the State. Quote 8: "In the lift, on their way up to the changing rooms, Henry Foster and the Assistant Director of Predestination rather pointedly turned their backs on Bernard Marx from the Psychology Bureau: averted themselves from that unsavoury reputation.
Quote 9: "You all remember, I suppose, that beautiful and inspired saying of Our Ford's: History is bunk. Quote "Those who feel themselves despised do well to look despising. The smile on Bernard Marx's face was contemptuous.
Quote "Ending is better than mending. The more stitches, the less riches. Quote "All of the advantages of Christianity and alcohol; none of their defects. Quote "The mockery made him feel an outsider; and feeling an outsider he behaved like one, which increased the prejudice against him and intensified the contempt and hostility aroused by his physical defects.
Which in turn increased his sense of being alien and alone. A chronic fear of being slighted made him avoid his equals, made him stand, where his inferiors were concerned, self-consciously on his dignity.